Grounds for Divorce in New Jersey
New Jersey Divorce FAQ's
State Divorce Laws for New Jersey
New Jersey Divorce
Legal Process FAQs
There are three principal players involved in your marriage that will also be involved in your divorce: you, your spouse, and the state. You cannot simply break up, saddle your charger, and ride off into the sunset. Among other legal considerations, you have to give the state an acceptable reason why you should be allowed to break up. The reason is known as the ground for your divorce. Over the years each state has enacted legislation that governs acceptable grounds.
Any of the following grounds may be used for divorce in New Jersey:
(1) Irreconcilable differences which have caused the breakdown of the marriage for a period of six months and which make it appear that the marriage should be dissolved and that there is no reasonable prospect of reconciliation.
(2) Living separate and apart for 18 months and no reasonable prospect of reconciliation. [New Jersey Statutes Annotated; Title 2A, Chapter 34-2].
In addition to the no-fault grounds for divorce, New
Jersey has fault grounds. These fault grounds include:
Extreme cruelty includes any physical or mental
cruelty which makes it improper or unreasonable to expect that individual to
cohabitate with their spouse. N.J.S.A. 2A:34-2(c).
The courts have held that "adultery exists when one spouse
rejects the other by entering into a personal intimate relationship with any
other person, irrespective of the specific sexual acts performed; the rejection
of the spouse coupled with out-of-marriage intimacy constitutes adultery." New
Jersey Court Rule 5:4-2 requires that the plaintiff in an adultery divorce case,
state the name of the person with whom the offending conduct was committed. This
person is known as the corespondent. If the name is not known, the person who
files must give as much information as possible tending to describe the
The willful and continuous desertion by one party for a
period of twelve or more months, and satisfactory proof that the parties have
ceased to cohabit as man and wife constitutes desertion under N.J.S.A.
Under N.S.J.A 2A:34-2(e), addiction involves a dependence on
a narcotic or other controlled, dangerous substance, or a habitual drunkenness
for a period of twelve or more consecutive months immediately preceding the
filing of the complaint.
When one spouse has been institutionalized for mental illness
for a period of twelve or more consecutive months subsequent to the marriage and
preceding the filing of the complaint, institutionalization is a ground for
divorce under N.J.S.A. 2A:34-2(f).
Imprisonment as a ground for divorce occurs when a spouse has
been imprisoned for eighteen or more months after the marriage. N.J.S.A.
Deviant Sexual Conduct
Deviant Sexual Conduct occurs if the defendant engages in
deviant sexual conduct without the consent of the plaintiff spouse. N.J.S.A.
In New Jersey there are two types of annulment. In the first type the marriage is declared void ab initio, or from its inception, as though it had never existed. You do not legally have to go to court to have the marriage declared void ab initio, although it's a good idea to do so. In the case of an annulment, a marriage must be "totally void" in order for it to be considered annulled.
There are two characteristics of a "totally void" marriage:
- the marriage posses some defect rendering it susceptible to collateral attack (some evidence that shows the marriage never happened or should have never happened) even after the death of one or both spouses; and
- no direct step or proceeding to annul is necessary (although the latter may be desirable).
One such defect is if your spouse was formally married to someone else and still has not divorced that person. Your marriage to this spouse is considered totally void.
Another defective marriage is one done between "blood" relatives.
The second type of annulment is called voidable. A voidable marriage can only be annulled by going to court and having it declared void. . Annulment is available in New Jersey, and in some cases it can be obtained under the name of a divorce. Along with obtaining an annulment for bigamy and for lack of consensual age, a marriage may be declared void if the parties did not really intend to marry or if they are incapacitated, as in insanity, intoxication, fraud, and duress. Although annulments may be granted, the preference of the court is not to annul, but for the parties to divorce. Also, any marriage that is expressly prohibited by statute is void by annulment.